Nepal is popularly symbolized across the globe, by the highest mountain in the world; Mount Everest. This small South Asian country is home to the world’s highest snowy mountains and an array of ethnic groups with vibrant cultures, religions, ancient history and languages. Nepal, a landlocked nation, situated between India and China, is one of a few countries in the world where such immense climatic and topographic diversity features so dramatically and is crammed into such a small geographical area.
The name of the country is mentioned in the Vedic texts. Scholars believe that the name of the country has derived its name from the Newar Kingdom. Monarchy is an integral part of the history of the country. Fron 18th century to 2008, Shah Dynasty ruled the country. In 2008, monarchy was ultimately abolished, and a democratic republic was established.
Two neighboring countries of the country are India and China. There are over 240 peaks in the country that are 20,000 feet above the sea level. The landmass of the country can be divided into three parts, the mountains or parbat, hills or pahad and terai.